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Friday, February 13, 2015

Australia 2015
Era of Sail - Clipper Ships









ISSUE DATE: 21 January 2014
ISSUE WITHDRAWAL DATE: 31 August 2015
FDI WITHDRAWAL DATE: 17 March 2015
DENOMINATIONS: 2 x 70c, 2 x $1.40
STAMP DESIGN: Lisa Christensen
PRODUCT DESIGN: Lisa Christensen
PRINTER: RA Print
PAPER: Tullis Russell
PRINTING PROCESS: Lithography
STAMP SIZE: 32mm x 33mm
PERFORATIONS: 13.86 x 14.6
SHEET LAYOUT: Module of 50
FDI POSTMARK: Hobart, Tas 7000



From the earliest days of European exploration, sailing ships were crucial in the development of Australia. Sailing ships carried everything that settlers needed for survival. The journey was often long and dangerous, ranging between 6 and 13 weeks, depending on weather conditions. Other hazards were fire and the difficulties of maintaining hygiene.

Clipper ships were known as the greyhounds of the sea from their beginnings in the 1840s and represented the pinnacle of sailing ship technology. By the 1850s, the use of clipper ships on the England to Australia route was prominent, with most setting sail for Melbourne. These sleek sailing ships represented major advancements in design, enabling them to reach destinations more quickly.

All the sailing ships featured in this issue have played a role in Australia’s maritime history. The Frances Henty was constructed in 1852 and named after the wife of Portland Bay patriarch Thomas Henty. The vessel carried passengers, gold and wool between London and Victoria. The clipper barque Phoenician of the White Star line was the first clipper ship to come to Australia, arriving in Port Jackson on 21 July 1849, taking 91 days from England.

The painting of the Australian clipper ship Arabian, by CP Williams, was lithographed by John Raphael Isaac, medallist to HRH Prince Albert. The clipper barque Monkchester, was painted in 1865 by John Scott, a noted English oil painter from Newcastle.

The Red Jacket (featured on the cover of Stamp Bulletin 332) set a speed record on her maiden voyage across the Atlantic in January 1854. The ship’s subsequent voyage was to Melbourne in the then unprecedented time of 67 days non-stop.



Stamp images and description thanks to Australia Post

Australia Post