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Friday, February 6, 2015

Italy 2014 Stamp Issue
Augusto Imperatore






:: COUNTRY: ITALY 
 :: THEME: Augusto Imperatore   
  :: DENOMINATIONS: 0.70 € 
   :: ISSUE DATE: 19 August 2014
    :: DESIGN: Antonio Ciaburro 
    





ROMAN IMPERIAL DYNASTIES
Augustus 27 BC – 14 AD
Tiberius 14–37 AD
Caligula 37–41 AD
Claudius 41–54 AD
Nero     54–68 AD



Historians refer to him as Augustus but he is the man of many names:

:: At birth he was named Gaius Octavius after his biological father. Historians typically refer to him simply as Octavius (or Octavian) between his birth in 63 until his posthumous adoption by Julius Caesar in 44 BC.


:: Upon his adoption by Caesar, he took Caesar's name and become Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus in accordance with Roman adoption naming standards. Though he quickly dropped "Octavianus" from his name and his contemporaries referred to him as "Caesar" during this period, historians refer to him as Octavian between 44 BC and 27 BC.


:: As part of his actions to strengthen his political ties to Caesar's former soldiers, in 42 BC, following the deification of Caesar, Octavian added Divi Filius (Son of the Divine) to his name, becoming Gaius Julius Caesar Divi Filius.


:: In 38 BC, Octavian replaced his praenomen "Gaius" and nomen "Julius" with Imperator, the title by which troops hailed their leader after military success, officially becoming Imperator Caesar Divi Filius.


:: In 27 BC, following his defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatra, the Roman Senate voted new titles for him, officially becoming Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus. It is the events of 27 BC from which he obtained his traditional name of Augustus, which historians use in reference from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD.





:: POSTMARK


ISSUE DATE: 19 August 2014
NOMINAL VALUE: 0.70 €
CIRCULATION: 2 716 000
STAMP DESIGN: Antonio Ciaburro
STAMP SIZE: 54 mm x 47 mm
PRINTER: Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato SpA