Thursday, February 19, 2015

Germany 2015
350 years University of Kiel

 :: THEME: 350 years University of Kiel
  :: ISSUE DATE: 2 March 2015
   :: DESIGN: Annette Stahmer /  Andre Heers
    :: PHOTO:  Gert Bassewitz

When the Christian-Albrechts-University (CAU) was established, it was initially a regional educational institution. Today, 350 years later, it is an internationally active and recognized university. Renowned scientists have researched and taught at CAU Kiel. Including six Nobel Prize winners. Especially in the field of natural sciences, the university has done in the far north of Germany.

The University of Kiel was founded under the name Christiana Albertina on 5 October 1665 by Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (left). The citizens of the city of Kiel were initially quite sceptical about the upcoming influx of students, thinking that these could be "quite a pest with their gluttony, heavy drinking and their questionable character" (German: mit Fressen, Sauffen und allerley leichtfertigem Wesen sehr ärgerlich seyn). But those in the city who envisioned economic advantages of a university in the city won, and Kiel thus became the northernmost university in the German Holy Roman Empire.

After 1773, when Kiel had come under Danish rule, the university began to thrive, and when Kiel became part of Prussia in the year 1866, the university grew rapidly in size. The university opened one of the first botanical gardens in Germany (now the Alter Botanischer Garten Kiel), and Martin Gropius designed many of the new buildings needed to teach the growing number of students.

The Christiana Albertina was one of the first German universities to obey the Gleichschaltung in 1933 and agreed to remove many professors and students from the school, for instance Ferdinand Tönnies or Felix Jacoby. During World War II, the Kiel University suffered heavy damage, therefore it was later rebuilt at a different location with only a very few of the older buildings housing the medical school.

There are several Nobel Prize Winners
affiliated with the University of Kiel:

1902 Theodor Mommsen (Literature)
1905 Philipp Lenard (Physics)
1918 Max Planck (Physics)
1922 Otto Meyerhof (Medicine)
1950 Kurt Alder and Otto Diels (Chemistry)
ISSUE DATE: 2 January 2015
STAMP DESIGN: Annette Stahmer /  Andre Heers
PHOTO: © Gert Bassewitz
FORMAT PWZ: width: 44.20 mm Height: 26,20 mm
width: 115.00mm height: 158.00 mm 
2 PWZ side by side 5 PWZ each other
PRINTER: Bagel Security Print GmbH & Co.KG, Mönchengladbach
Coated, white and fluorescent postage stamp paper DP II
Multi-color offset printing