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Sunday, March 29, 2015

Australia 2014
Australian Red Cross





COUNTRY: AUSTRALIA
ISSUE DATE: 6 May 2014
STAMP SIZE:37.5 x 26 mm
PRODUCT DESIGN: Lisa Christensen
STAMP DESIGN: Lisa Christensen



Australian Red Cross was established in 1914, nine days after the commencement of World War I. The organisation grew at a rapid rate – by November 1914, New South Wales had 88 city or suburban branches and 249 country branches. The Society was accepted by the community from the beginning. Much of the World War I home front activities such as knitting socks and rolling bandages was done by local Red Cross branches.

Australian Red Cross supports and runs important projects whilst raising awareness about issues or problems. These include First Aid projects, Disaster and Emergency Services, Youth and Education. The Mission of Australian Red Cross is: "To be a leading humanitarian organisation in Australia, improving the lives of vulnerable people through services delivered and promotion of humanitarian laws and values."





A timeline of Australian Red Cross

1914 :: Australian Branch of the British Red Cross Society formed on outbreak of First World War
1915 :: Formation of Wounded and Missing Enquiry Bureaux and national scheme for Voluntary Aid Detachments
1918 :: Junior Red Cross formally established in Australia built on earlier efforts in NSW
1920 :: Foundation President Lady Helen Munro Ferguson leaves Australia
1927 :: Australia recognized as a national society in its own right by International Committee of the Red Cross
1929 :: Beginning of Blood Transfusion Service in Victoria
1939 :: Outbreak of Second World War. Australian Red Cross mobilises
1941 :: Australian Red Cross Society incorporated by Royal Charter
1941 :: Social Welfare Services expands to meet wartime demands. 
1942 :: Prisoners of war become Australian Red Cross' number one priority
1944 :: Australian Red Cross membership reaches around 450,000
1950 :: Australian Red Cross Field Force in Japan with BCOF and assisting with Korean War
1955 :: Worst floods on record devastate NSW. Red Cross responds
1955 :: Commonwealth government joins states and assists with funding for Red Cross Blood Transfusion Services
1958 :: Australian government ratifies four Geneva Conventions
1964 :: Australian Red Cross celebrates 50 years
1974 :: Cyclone Tracy destroys Darwin, NT. Australian Red Cross is there
1989 :: National Youth Camp held to refocus on youth
1989 :: 75th anniversary of Australian Red Cross
1983 :: Ash Wednesday Bushfires in Victoria and South Australia
1989 :: Australian Red Cross formulates national policy on AIDS
1991 :: Australian government ratifies 1977 Additional Protocols
1991 :: Appointment of International Humanitarian Law Divisional Officers
1993 :: Australian Red Cross begins working with Federal government on Asylum Seeker Assistance scheme
1996 :: Formation of Australian Red Cross Blood Transfusion Service
2002 :: Bali bombing. Australian Red Cross Bali Appeal launched
2004 :: Tsunamis and earthquakes devastate Indonesia, Thailand, Sri Lanka and Maldives. Australian Red Cross in action
2007 :: Endorsement of statement "The Power of Humanity"
2007 :: Expansion of programs for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples
2009 :: Black Saturday bushfires. Red Cross involved with Victorian Bushfire Appeal Fund that raised more than $379 million.
2010 :: Revised Royal Charter and Rules approved by Governor-General
2010 :: Haiti earthquake. Australian Red Cross ran an appeal and assisted international movement
2011 :: Queensland floods. Red Cross on the ground from 27 December 2010
2011 :: Australian Red Cross' Target Nuclear Weapons campaign; resolution adopted by governing body of IRCRC movement
2013 :: Australian Red Cross to host 19th General Assembly of International Federation and Council of Delegates of the International Red Cross Red Crescent Movement, Sydney
2014 :: Australian Red Cross turns 100




The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.

Fundamental Principles of the International Red cross and Red Crescent Movement
At the 20th International Conference in Neue Hofburg, Vienna,2-9 October 1965 "proclaimed" seven fundamental principles which are shared by all components of the Movement, and they were added to the official statutes of the Movement in 1986. The durability and universal acceptance is a result of the process through which they came into being in the form they have. Rather than an effort to arrive at agreement, it was an attempt to answer the question of what did they have in common, over the past 100 years, those operations and organisational units that were successful? As a result, the Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent were not revealed, but found - through a deliberate and participative process of discovery.


That makes it even more important to note that the text that appears under each "heading" is an integral part of the Principle in question and not an interpretation that can vary with time and place.

Humanity
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, born of a desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavours, in its international and national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found. Its purpose is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace amongst all peoples.

Impartiality
It makes no discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. It endeavours to relieve the suffering of individuals, being guided solely by their needs, and to give priority to the most urgent cases of distress.

Neutrality
In order to continue to enjoy the confidence of all, the Movement may not take sides in hostilities or engage at any time in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature.

Independence
The Movement is independent. The National Societies, while auxiliaries in the humanitarian services of their governments and subject to the laws of their respective countries, must always maintain their autonomy so that they may be able at all times to act in accordance with the principles of the Movement.

Voluntary Service
It is a voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.

Unity
There can be only one Red Cross or one Red Crescent Society in any one country. It must be open to all. It must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory.

Universality
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all Societies have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide.



Stamp images and description thanks to Australia Post

Australia Post