Saturday, March 28, 2015

Austria 2015 - University of Vienna - 650th Anniversary

ISSUE DATE: 13 March 2015
STAMP DESIGN: Tea Mina Jaramaz
PRINTER: Österreichische Staatsdruckerei GmbH

The Austrian Post commemorates the largest and oldest German speaking university with a special stamp on the 650th anniversary.

The University of Vienna does not have one joint campus. The academic facilities occupy more than 60 locations throughout the city of Vienna. The historical main building on the Ringstraße constitutes the university's centre and is commonly referred to as "die Uni". Most other larger university facilities and lecture halls are located nearby in the area of Vienna's First and Ninth District: the so-called new Lecture Hall Complex - Neues Institutgebäude (NIG), the Lecture Hall Complex Althanstraße (UZA), the campus on the premises of the Historical General Hospital of Vienna, the Faculty of Law (Juridicum) and others. The Botanical Garden of the University of Vienna is housed in the Second District, as are the Department of Biochemistry and related research centres.
There is also Vienna Observatory, which belongs to the university, and the Institute for University Sports (USI), which offers training and recreational possibilities to all students of the university.

Nobel Prize Laureates

NameField InYear
Robert BárányPhysiology or Medicine1914
Richard Adolf ZsigmondyChemistry1925
Julius Wagner-JaureggPhysiology or Medicine1927
Hans FischerChemistry1930
Karl LandsteinerPhysiology or Medicine1930
Erwin SchrödingerPhysics1933
Otto LoewiPhysiology or Medicine1936
Victor Francis HessPhysics1936
Richard KuhnChemistry1938
Max PerutzChemistry1962
Karl von FrischPhysiology or Medicine1973
Konrad LorenzPhysiology or Medicine1973
Friedrich HayekEconomics1974
Elias CanettiLiterature1981
Elfriede JelinekLiterature2004

Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger (12 August 1887 – 4 January 1961)was a Nobel Prize-winning Austrian physicist who developed a number of fundamental results in the field of quantum theory, which formed the basis of wave mechanics: he formulated the wave equation (stationary and time-dependent Schrödinger equation) and revealed the identity of his development of the formalism and matrix mechanics. Schrödinger proposed an original interpretation of the physical meaning of the wave function.


Schrödinger's cat: a cat, a flask of poison, and a radioactive source are placed in a sealed box. If an internal monitor detects radioactivity (i.e. a single atom decaying), the flask is shattered, releasing the poison that kills the cat. The Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics implies that after a while, the cat is simultaneously alive and dead. Yet, when one looks in the box, one sees the cat either alive or dead, not both alive and dead. This poses the question of when exactly quantum superposition ends and reality collapses into one possibility or the other.

Stamp images and description thanks to Austrian Post - Österreichische Post
La Poste