Sunday, March 15, 2015

TAAF 2015 - Decauville Cars

:: TAAF (Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises)
 :: THEME: Decauville
  :: NOMINAL VALUE: 0.66€ 
   :: ISSUE DATE: 1 January 2015
    :: STAMP DESIGN: Elsa Catelin

The Decauville manufacturing company was founded by Paul Decauville (1846–1922), a French pioneer in industrial railways. Decauville's major innovation was the use of ready-made sections of light, narrow gauge track fastened to steel sleepers; this track was portable and could be disassembled and transported very easily. The first Decauville railway used 400 mm (15 3/4 in) gauge, Decauville later refined his invention and switched to 500 mm (19 3/4 in) and 600 mm (1 ft 11 5/8 in) gauge.

Starting in 1875, his company produced track elements, engines and cars. Those were exported to many countries, in particular to the colonial possessions of European powers.In 1878 Paul Decauville was given permission to build the Jardin d'Acclimatation railway in order to demonstrate passenger transport operations on his railway system during the Exposition Universelle of 1878.