Tuesday, April 21, 2015

Italy 2015
Aldo Manuzio

ISSUE DATE: 6 February 2015
CIRCULATION: 1 600 000
STAMP DESIGN: Rita Fantini
engraving supplied by Luigi Sarallo from 
the Itala Fatigati Salvagni Documentation
and Cultural Promotion Centre
STAMP SIZE: 30 mm x 40 mm
PERFORATION: die-cut, size 11
ADHESIVE: acrylic, water-based adhesive,
spread in a quantity of 20 g/m² dry
PAPER: non-fluorescent, self-adhesive,
neutral glossy white
PRINTER: Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato S.p.A.

Aldus Pius Manutius (1449 – February 6, 1515), the Latinised name of Aldo Manuzio - sometimes called Aldus Manutius, the Elder to distinguish him from his grandson, Aldus Manutius, the Younger - was an Italian humanist who became a printer and publisher when he founded the Aldine Press at Venice. 
The leading publisher and printer of the Venetian High Renaissance, introduced small and handy pocket editions (octavos) of the classics - inexpensive books in small formats bound in vellum that were read much like modern paperbacks. His publishing legacy includes the distinctions of inventing italic type, establishing the modern use of the semicolon, developing the modern appearance of the commaHe and his grandson Aldus Manutius, the Younger, also a printer, are credited with introducing a standardized system of punctuation. The software company Aldus, in Seattle, Washington, was named after him in the late 20th century.

Imprint and motto
In 1501, Aldus began to use, as his publisher's device, the image of a dolphin wrapped around an anchor. His editions of the classics were so highly respected that the dolphin-and-anchor device was almost immediately pirated by French and Italian publishers. More recently, the device has been used by the nineteenth-century London firm of William Pickering, and by Doubleday. Aldus adapted the image from the reverse of ancient Roman coins issued during the reigns of the Emperors Titus and Domitian, AD 80-82. The dolphin and anchor emblem is associated with "Festina lente" (Hasten slowly), a motto that Aldus had begun to use as early as 1499, after receiving a Roman coin from Pietro Bembo, which bore the emblem and motto. 

Type designs based on work designed by Francesco Griffo and commissioned by Aldus Manutius include Bembo, Poliphilus, Garamond, and Hermann Zapf's Palatino and Aldus.


Stamp images thanks to Poste Italiane