Friday, April 17, 2015

France 2015 - Charlemagne

NOMINAL VALUE: 13 April 2015
BLOCK / STAMP SIZE : 143 x 105 mm / 52 x 40.85 mm and 40.85 x 52 mm
STAMP DESIGN: Louis Boursier
ENGRAVER: Louis Boursier

Charlemagne also known as Charles the Great or Charles I, was King of the Franks who united most of Western Europe during the Middle Ages and laid the foundations for modern France and Germany. He took the Frankish throne from 768 and became King of Italy from 774. From 800 he became the first Holy Roman Emperor - the first recognized Roman emperor in Western Europe since the collapse of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. The expanded Frankish state he founded is called the Carolingian Empire.

The oldest son of Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon, Charlemagne became king in 768 following the death of his father. He was initially co-ruler with his brother Carloman I. Carloman's sudden death in 771 under unexplained circumstances left Charlemagne as the undisputed ruler of the Frankish Kingdom. 

Charlemagne reached the height of his power in 800 when he was crowned Emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day at Old St. Peter's Basilica.

Bloc les grandes heures de l’Histoire de France