Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Italy 2015 Stamp Issue
Alberto Burri


 :: THEME: SZ 1 by Alberto Burri
  :: NOMINAL VALUE: 0.80 € 
   :: ISSUE DATE: 12 March 2015
    :: DESIGN:  Alberto Burri

Born in Italy (Umbria) in 1915, gained a medical degree from University of Perugia in tropical medicine. In 1940 was called up as a medic and sent to Libya In 1943. His unit was captured in Tunisia and he was interned to Camp Howze prisoner-of-war camp in Texas

It is where he "became an artist".

Burri's first paintings were views of the desert he could see from the prison camp and still life's with paints and canvases supplied by the YMCA. He collected old burlap sacks and brought them with him upon his return to Italy and continued to use them in place of canvas.

Hessian or burlap in the US and Canada, is a woven fabric usually made from skin of the jute plant or sisal fibres, or may be combined with other vegetable fibres to make rope, nets, and similar products. Gunny cloth is similar. Hessian, a dense woven fabric, has been historically produced as a coarse fabric, but more recently it is being used in a refined state known simply as jute as an eco-friendly material for bags, rugs, and other products. The name "burlap" appears to be of unknown origin, although the word could mean "coarse piece of cloth". The name "hessian" is attributed to the use of the fabric, initially, as part of the uniform of soldiers from the German state of Hesse who were called "Hessians".

After his release in 1946, Burri moved to Rome to pursue a full-time career as painter, despite the disapproval of most his friends and family. His incorporation of unusual materials like plastic cements, resin, zinc oxide, pumice and kaolin, tar and PVC adhesives in his paintings reflected his affinity for science.

In the mid-1950s, Burri introduced charred wood into his burlap works, followed by scrap iron sheets fixed onto the wood, as well as colored and transparent sheets of plastic. In the 1970s he began his "cracked" paintings, or cretti. He created a series of works in the industrial insulating material, Celotex, from 1979 through the 1990s.

In the 1980s, Burri created a form of land art project on the town of Gibellina in Sicily abandoned after Belice earthquake in 1968. Burri covered an area of over 120,000 square metres (1,300,000 sq ft), most of the old town, and an area roughly 300 metres by 400 metres with white concrete. He called this the Grande Cretto.



ISSUE DATE: 12 March 2015
STAMP DESIGN: Centro Filatelico della Direzione Officina 
Carte Valori e Produzioni Tradizionali 
of Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato S.p.A.,
STAMP SIZE: 48 mm x 40 mm
PERFORATION: die-cut, size 11
ADHESIVE: acrylic, water-based adhesive,
spread in a quantity of 20 g/m² dry
PAPER: non-fluorescent, self-adhesive,
neutral glossy white
PRINTER: Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato S.p.A.