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Wednesday, May 20, 2015

Ireland 2015 - World War I - Gallipoli





ISSUE DATE: 23 April 2015
NOMINAL VALUE: 0.68 € / 1.00  
CIRCULATION: 136 000 / 116 000
STAMP DESIGN: Vermillion Design
STAMP SIZE: 35mm x 35mm
COLOUR: Multicolour with phosphor tagging
LAYOUT: Sheetlets of 16
PERFORATIONS: 13.1 x 13.1
PRINTER: Cartor Security Printers
PRINTING PROCESS: Lithography
An Post PRODUCT No.: 150668 (68c) / 1506100

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100 years ago, in February/March 1915, the Allied Powers in World War I began what became known as the Gallipoli Campaign - an attempt to control the sea route to Russia that was, ultimately, a disaster.

It began with a failed naval attack by British and French ships on the Dardanelles Straits and was quickly followed by a major land invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula on April 25 by 70,000 men from Great Britain, Australia and New Zealand along with troops from France. This also failed, after eight months’ fighting, owing to an underestimation of the fighting ability of the Turkish army, a lack of sufficient intelligence and a complete ignorance of the terrain.

The campaign was one of the greatest Ottoman (Turkish) victories during the war and is regarded as a defining moment in the nation’s history. It is also considered the birth of national consciousness in Australia and New Zealand and the date of the landing, April 25, is known as Anzac Day.

Unfortunately, Irish battalions suffered extremely heavy losses during the “V” beach landing at Cape Helles, which was defended by entrenched Turkish machine gun posts. The main force was deployed from the SS River Clyde and included the 1st Battalion of the Royal Munster Fusiliers plus two companies of the 2nd Battalion, of the Royal Hampshire Regiment and one company of the 1st Battalion Royal Dublin Fusiliers. Another invasion attempt was made in August at Suvla Bay, but this also failed with significant losses to the 10th Division. Evacuation began in December 1915 and was completed early the following January.

The stamps were designed by Vermillion Design. The 68c stamp shows Irish soldiers in a trench at Gallipoli. The second stamp, the €1 value, features an image of the SS River Clyde. This was a landing ship that played a very important part of the invasion, carrying 2,000 troops of the invasion force.






World War I - Gallipoli - First Day Cover (FDC)

PRODUCT CODE: 1505FDC
PRICE: 2.68 €





World War I - Gallipoli - 68c Sheetlet

PRODUCT CODE: 150668SH
PRICE: 10.88 €





World War I - Gallipoli - 1.00  Sheetlet

PRODUCT CODE: 1506100SH
PRICE: 16.00 €