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Monday, September 21, 2015

Russia 2015
History of WWI - Military Equipment





World War I marked the sophistication of warfare tactics. New types of weaponry and military equipment, such as aircraft, tanks, automatic weapons and powerful artillery, emerged and started being used on battlefields.

The postage stamps feature:
- Mosin–Nagant 7.62 mm rifle 
- 76.2 mm field rapid-firing gun
- Novik destroyer
- Sikorsky S-22 Ilya Muromets heavy bomber

The Sikorsky S-22 Ilya Muromets heavy bomber was designed and constructed by Igor Sikorsky at the Russo-Baltic Carriage Factory (RBVZ) in 1913. During World War I, approximately 80 aircraft were manufactured, which were used for 400 mission sorties and to shoot down 12 enemy fighters. In time of peace they operated at postal and passenger routes and were taken out of service in 1923.

The Novik destroyer was commissioned into the Russian Navy in 1913. She was the first Russian destroyer to be equipped with steam turbine engines and high-pressure boilers powered by liquid fuel only. Novik was in active service during World War I. She was renamed Yakov Sverdlov in 1926 and was blown up by a sea mine in 1941.

The Mosin–Nagant 7.62 mm rifle was put into service in 1891 and repeatedly modernized. Thanks to its simplicity and reliability, it was actively used during World War I and remained in service till the end of World War II. A whole range of hunting and sports weapons was created based on the Mosin–Nagant rifle and its modifications.

The 76.2 mm field rapid-firing gun was developed was developed at Putilov Works in Saint Petersburg in 1902 by K.M. Sokolovskiy and K.I. Lipnitsky. It formed the basis of Russian Imperial artillery during World War I. It was also used as an anti-aircraft and anti-tank gun on a number of occasions.



STAMPS SHEETS





POSTMARK