Sunday, February 21, 2016

Mongolia 2007
Wildlife Protection 2007 - Gulo-Gulo - Volverine

1st coin of WILDLIFE PROTECTION series.

The Wolverine (lat. gulo gulo) is also referred to as Järv or as the Marten Bear and domiciles in northern Eurasia and in North America. He belongs to the Marten species (mustelidae). These animals can grow up to one meter. Thereby the males can weigh up to 30 kg. The Wolverine is night-active and is actually a soil inhabitant who is also able to climb and swim. While living in freedom it is possible for them to become 10 years of age.
The Wolverine is on the Red List of endangered species and on many parts of the earth already extinct. The reason for the decimation was the hunting in the past in order to obtain its beautiful coat and the fact that the glutton stops at nothing while intruding into houses looking for food.
Commemorative coin from Mongolia shows the Wolverine from the front view and in artistic high relief. As particularity the eyes are fit with two glistening CRYSTALLIZEDTM - Swarovski Elements.

The Wolverine, Gulo gulo (Gulo is Latin for "glutton"), also referred to as glutton, carcajou, skunk bear, or quickhatch, is the largest land-dwelling species of the family Mustelidae (weasels). It is a stocky and muscular carnivore, more closely resembling a small bear than other mustelids. The wolverine, a solitary animal, has a reputation for ferocity and strength out of proportion to its size, with the documented ability to kill prey many times larger than itself.


:: NAME 
The wolverine's questionable reputation as an insatiable glutton (reflected in the Latin genus name) may be in part due to a false etymology. The animal's name in Old Swedish, fjellfräs, meaning "mountain cat", worked its way into German as Vielfrass, which means roughly "devours much". Its name in other West Germanic languages is similar (e.g. Dutch: veelvraat).

The Finnish name is ahma, derived from ahmatti, which is translated as "glutton". Similarly, the Estonian name is ahm, with the equivalent meaning to the Finnish name. In Lithuanian is ernis, in Latvian—tinis or āmrija.

The Eastern Slavic росомаха (rosomakha) and the Polish and Czech name rosomak seem to be borrowed from the Finnish rasva-maha (fat belly). Similarly, the Hungarian name is rozsomák or torkosborz which means "gluttonous badger".

In French-speaking parts of Canada, the wolverine is referred to as carcajou, borrowed from the Innu-aimun or Montagnais kuàkuàtsheu. However in France, the wolverine's name is glouton (glutton).

Purported gluttony is reflected neither in English nor in North Germanic languages. The English word wolverine (alteration of the earlier form wolvering of uncertain origin) probably implies "a little wolf". The name in Proto-Norse, erafaz and Old Norse, jarfr, lives on in the regular Icelandic name jarfi, regular Norwegian name jerv, regular Swedish name järv and regular Danish name jærv.

- The wolverine is the largest member of the weasel family (mustelids) that lives exclusively on land. The South American Giant Otter and the Sea Otter are bigger.
- Average males weigh 20-55 lbs (9-25 kg) but the biggest recorded weigh nearer 75 lbs (35 kg). That’s around the size of a large pit bull, but with bags more attitude!
- Body length is up to 40 ins (110 cm) – not including tail.
- Wolverines have a very stocky, powerful and muscular build. Strong enough to move a log that would take 2 men to lift.
- They have a broad rounded head with a short snout and very powerful jaws.



Movie: "The Wolverine" 2013
126 min - Action | Adventure | Sci-Fi
26 July 2013 (USA)
Director: James Mangold
Writers: Mark Bomback, Scott Frank (screenplay) 
Stars: Hugh Jackman, Will Yun Lee, Tao Okamoto
The Wolverine is a 2013 American superhero film featuring the Marvel Comics character Wolverine. The film, distributed by 20th Century Fox, is the sixth installment in the X-Men film series. Hugh Jackman reprises his role from previous films as the title character, with James Mangold directing a screenplay written by Scott Frank and Mark Bomback, based on the 1982 limited series Wolverine by Chris Claremont and Frank Miller. In the film which follows the events of X-Men: The Last Stand, Logan travels to Japan, where he engages an old acquaintance in a struggle that has lasting consequences. Stripped of his immortality, Wolverine must battle deadly samurai while struggling with guilt.
The film's development began in 2009 after the release of X-Men Origins: Wolverine. Christopher McQuarrie was hired to write a screenplay for The Wolverine in August 2009. In October 2010, Darren Aronofsky was hired to direct the film. The project was delayed following Aronofsky's departure and the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami in March 2011. In June 2011, Mangold was brought on board to replace Aronofsky. Bomback was then hired to rewrite the screenplay in September 2011. The supporting characters were cast in July 2012 with principal photography beginning at the end of the month around New South Wales before moving to Tokyo in August 2012 and back to New South Wales in October 2012. The film was converted to 3D in post-production.
The Wolverine was released on July 24, 2013 in various international markets; and was released on July 25, 2013 in Australia, and on July 26, 2013 in the United States to generally positive reviews. The film made roughly $414.8 million worldwide, nearly 3.5 times its production budget of $120 million and is the third highest-grossing film in the series.