Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Czech Republic 2016
Jeronym Prazsky

COUNTRY: Czech Republic
ISSUE DATE: 20 January 2016
STAMP SIZE: 40 x 23 mm
 STAMP DESIGN: Renáta Fučíková

Portrait of Jerome of Prague (1378-80, Prague – 30 May 1416, Constance), Czech philosopher and theologian. Towers and gates as a stylised rendition of high-level medieval European development and diversity and a symbol of the great spiritual richness to which Jerome of Prague clearly belonged.

Jerome came from Prague’s New Town. As a student at the University of Prague he came under the influence of Czech reformer Jan Hus. After obtaining his bachelor’s degree in 1398, he continued his studies at Oxford and adopted the philosophical theology of English reformer John Wycliffe. He returned to Prague and, as a university professor, began spreading Wycliffe’s teaching. He obtained a master’s degree from four universities - Paris, Heidelberg, Cologne, Prague. In 1403 he visited Palestine and Jerusalem. In 1407 he lectured at the University of Prague. In 1410 he again visited Vienna, where he was imprisoned and accused of heresy but managed to escape. Two years later, he was involved in the public protests against indulgences in Prague. In 1413, he went to Russia and Lithuania to learn more about the specifics of the Orthodox liturgy. He also visited the Polish lands. He was persecuted as a supporter of Wycliffe and Jan Hus. Like the latter, he attended the Council of Constance, where he was imprisoned in May 1415 and put on trial. He was burned at the stake at the same place as Hus had been less than a year before.

Stamp image and description thanks to Česká pošta