Sunday, April 10, 2016

Brazil 2016 - Diplomatic Relations - Brazil and Nicaragua

ISSUE DATE: 25 February 2016
STAMP SIZE:38 x 38 mm

Félix Rubén García Sarmiento, known as Rubén Darío  is considered the highest exponent of Nicaraguan culture, highlighting the Spanish poetry, whose projection is gaining ground in the universal Philately with this issue of postage stamps of the Diplomatic Relations Series Brazil - Nicaragua. Representative of the Modernism Literary in the Spanish language, his influence in the 20th century Poetry gave him the title of Prince of Castilian letters. His legacy has conquered the world, inspiring contemporary poets, and encouraging new forms of art and literature in the Americas. 

His first publications in 1887 were in Santiago, Chile, where the poet lived at the time: Abrojos (1887), Primeras Notas (1888), originally titled Epístolas y Poemas, and Azul (1888), poetry and short stories, considered the first work of Latin American modernism, full of sensuality, eroticism and musicality. He lived in El Salvador, Chile, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Argentina, among other countries of the continent. He also lived in Paris, Madrid and Barcelona. He traveled through most of the European continent. He was in Rio de Janeiro as a diplomat in 1906, representing the Nicaraguan delegation at the Third Pan-American Conference. He worked as an editor and correspondent for several newspapers from Nicaragua, Argentina, Chile and Madrid. Cultivated friendships with many of his contemporaries, among them Horacio Quiroga and Leopoldo Lugones, Juan Ramón Jiménez and Ramón Maria del ValleInclán. In Brazil, he was friends with the writers Fontoura Xavier, Elisio de Carvalho and José Veríssimo, who greeted him in a formal ceremony in the Brazilian Academy of Letters in 1912. He left a vast production of essays, short stories and chronicles, partly collected in Peregrinaciones (1901), La Caravana Pasa (1903) and Tierras Solares (1904), lucidly interpreting the political, social problems and cultural phenomenon’s of his time. In addition of being the founder of modern poetry in Spanish, Rubén Darío was a singer and teacher of Latin American cultural identity. In 1896, in Buenos Aires, he published his most important work, which consolidates the literary modernity in the Hispanic world: Prosas Profanas y Otros Poemas and Cantos de Vida y Esperanza, 1905, published in Madrid. 

Rubén Darío started the Modernist Movement influenced by French poetry, the romantic styles, the Parnassianism and symbolism. The same author referred to the Modernism in this way: “não é outra coisa que o verso e a prosa castelhana passada pelo fino crivo do bom verso e da boa prosa francesa”. His style is celebrated all throughout Latin America and his legacy has transcended beyond our continent to becoming reference of Latin American literature of the 20th century.

author: Lorena Martínez
Ambassador of the Nicaraguan Republic in Brazil

Manoel Wenceslau Leite de Barros, known as Manoel de Barros was born in the Beco da Marinha, in Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, on December 19th 1916, spending his childhood in Mato Grosso do Sul, at first on a farm near Corumbá, then at a boarding school in Campo Grande. When he was twelve years old, he was enrolled in the Colégio São José in Rio de Janeiro, where he became familiar with the classics of Portuguese and French literature. In 1934, he joined a Law school. At that time, he was writing sonnets and studied the work of modernist authors like Raul Bopp, Mario de Andrade and Manuel Bandeira. 
His first book, Poemas concebidos sem pecado, is from 1937, published by hand with the help of Henrique Valle. In the early 1940s, he returned to Mato Grosso, but not for long. He refused the direction of a notary and returned to Rio de Janeiro, to work as a lawyer. In 1942, he published his second book, Face Imóvel. Between 1943 and 1945, he lived in New York, attending cinema and painting courses at MoMA - Museum of Modern Art in New York. He traveled to several places in South America and Europe. In 1947, he married Stella dos Santos Cruz, with whom he had three children: Pedro, Martha and João. In 1956, he published Poesias and two years later, he returned with his family to Mato Grosso, to run the farm he had inherited from his father. In 1961, he launched Compêndio para uso dos pássaros . The book won the prize Orlando Dantas, from the Diário de Notícias. Following, came Gramática expositiva do chão, 1969, which was also awarded. In 1974, with Matéria de Poesia, his work realized a definitely increased circulation and receptivity, receiving praise and positive reviews from Fausto Wolff, Antônio Houaiss and Millôr Fernandes, among others. In 1982, he released Arranjos para assobio. In 1985, Livro de pré-coisas and, in 1989, the O guardador de águas. All award-winning and critically acclaimed. In the 1990´s, he published Concerto a céu aberto para solos de aves (1991), O livro das ignorãças (1993), Livro sobre nada (1996) and Retrato do artista quando Coisa (1998). His first foray into children’s literature, with Exercícios de ser Criança, was in 1999. 
In 2000, he published Ensaios Fotográficos and, the following year, Tratado geral das grandezas do ínfimo and the children’s book, O fazedor de amanhecer. At this point, his work had already been translated in various languages, in addition to continuing gaining the most important literary prizes (he received twice the Jabuti award, twice the Nestlé, Academia Brasileira de Letras, APCA, National Library etc.) and tributes. His venture into poetic prose, with Memórias Inventadas: A infância, happens in 2003, the same year he released his third book for children, Cantigas para um passarinho à toa. In 2004, he published Poemas rupestres. In 2006, Memórias inventadas: a segunda infância. In the following year, Poemas em língua de brincar, another book dedicated to his small readers. In 2008, he finished the trilogy with Memórias Inventadas: a Terceira infância. In 2010, he published Menino do Mato, the same year in which his complete work was released in Portugal. In the following year, Escritos em verbal de ave. In 2013, his last poem was published — “A turma”. He passed away on November 13 2014, at 97 years.

author: Martha Barros

Stamp images thanks to Correios

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