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Tuesday, May 24, 2016

Poland 2016
200 Years of the Warsaw University





COUNTRY: POLAND
ISSUE DATE: 13 May 2016
CIRCULATION: 180 000
STAMP/BLOCK SIZE: 31.25 x 43 mm /  70 x 90 mm
 STAMP THEME: Bicentenary of the Warsaw University 
STAMP DESIGN: Karol Tabaka



After the Hitler’s army had seized the capital, University of Warsaw, just like other universities, was closed.  A great number of employees, however, did not stop their classes despite the threat of death. Thus the secret university which was unique in the whole world where classes took place both in private apartments and schooling establishments as well as in buildings of religious orders developed. The university campus itself was transformed into German gendarmerie barracks. 




Before this somber time of occupation ended, there was a time of great heroism and hope for Warsaw and its University – the days of Warsaw Uprising. The historic University site became an arena of fierce battles by the “Krybar” group of insurgents.
 
The war-time losses of the University were colossal with buildings, scientific devices and collections regained after the Russo-Polish war being destroyed and an irreparable loss of life.  The plaques placed on the former building of a museum and that set in the wall with the info-kiosk, inter alia, inform us about students and employees of the University and the Home Army (AK) murdered or killed in combat.

University graduates have won 5 Nobel Prize awards:
  • Henryk Sienkiewicz, writer, winner of the 1905 Nobel Prize in Literature, awarded “because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer”, 
  • Czesław Miłosz, poet, prose writer, winner of the 1980 Nobel Prize in Literature, 
  • Menachem Begin, prime minister of Israel from 1977 to 1983, received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978, 
  • Joseph Rotblat, physicist and radiobiologist, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995, 
  • Leonid Hurwicz, economist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences in 2007, awarded “for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory”.




FDC


Stamp images thanks to Poczta Polska

Correo Argentino