Wednesday, June 22, 2016

Poland 2016 - 450th Anniversary - Jan Jessenius 1566-1621. Czech-Hungarian-Polish-Slovak Joint Stamp Issue.

ISSUE DATE: 22 June 2016
 STAMP SIZE: 27 x 54 mm
THEME: Jan Jessenius
STAMP DESIGN: Vladislav Rostoka
Agnieszka Sancewicz
František Horniak

Jan Jesenius (1566-1621) was a Slovak, Polish, Bohemian or German physician, politician and philosopher.

In 1600 he attracted considerable public interest by performing a public autopsy in Prague. (His notes on the autopsy were published in 2005 by Karolinum, a publishing house of the Charles University of Prague.)


In 1618, Jesenius was arrested in Pressburg (today: Bratislava, Slovakia) after being sent as a deputy by the Bohemian estates, and was held in a prison of Vienna. In December, he was released in exchange for two Habsburg captives. There is a legend that before his release, he wrote an inscription IMMMM on the wall of his prison cell. Ferdinand explained this as Imperator Mathias Mense Martio Morietur (Latin for "Emperor Mathias will die in the month of March"), and he wrote another prophecy next to it: Iesseni, Mentiris, Mala Morte Morieris ("Jesenius, you lie, you will die a horrible death").

Both predictions (or wishes?) came true: Emperor Mathias died in March 1619, and Jesenius was arrested after the defeat of King Frederick of Bohemia by Emperor Ferdinand II in 1620 (Battle of White Mountain) and executed, along with 26 other Bohemian estates leaders, on the Old Town Square in 1621.


His most important philosophical work was Zoroaster (1593), a work of universal philosophy which attempted to recover the lost wisdom of the ancients.

Stamp images thanks to Poczta Polska

Correo Argentino