Sunday, July 3, 2016

Brazil 2016 - Diplomatic Ralations between Brazil and Slovenia

ISSUE DATE: 21 June 2016
CIRCULATION:300 000 (each)
STAMP SIZE:30 x 40 mm
PHOTO: Stamp Brazil - Kiko Catelli
Stamp Slovenia - Karolina Wengerek
STAMP DESIGN: Jamile Costa Sallum

Brazil and Slovenia diplomatic relations represented by two horse breeds. The Mangalarga Marchador is a horse breed native to Brazil. The Lipizzan or Lipizzaner horse breed obtained its name from Slovenian stud in (Lipizza) established in 1580 by Archduke Charles II.

Mangalarga Marchador – the National breed Founded on July 16th, 1949, with headquarters in the Park of Exhibitions of Gameleira, in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, the Brazilian Association of Mangalarga Marchador Horse Breeders (ABCCMM) is a non-profit civil entity, accredited by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food supply (MAPA) to make the genealogical record of the animals and support its creators. The ABCCMM has more than 11,500 members, from which 5000 in Minas Gerais. The organization has 69 cores and associations of breeders in the main Brazilian States, with 489,000 animals, of which 220,000 are concentrated in Minas Gerais In Brazil, the Mangalarga Marchador emerged in the South of Minas Gerais about 200 years ago, and started at the farm Campo Alegre which belonged to Gabriel Francisco Junqueira, the Baron of Alfenas, who is assigned to be responsible for the formation of the breed. Gentleness and comfort characterize the Mangalarga Marchador, which is a result of a cross between animals brought from Alter do Chão stud farm in Portugal, with horses selected by the creators of the mining region. Intelligence, rusticity, resistance and the march, differentiated from other marchadores in the world, makes the Mangalarga Marchador breed unique and captivating. A presidential decree sanctioned law No. 12975, on May 19th, 2014, declaring the Mangalarga Marchador a National bred horse, which composes this postal issue in the Diplomatic Relations series, and thereby spreading the values of the national equine of Brazil and Slovenia.

Brazilian Association of Mangalarga Marchador horse Breeders.

LIPIZZANER - The Amazing Horse
Slovenia is one of the smallest and newest countries of the globe, which appeared on the world maps in 1991, and therefore is celebrating 25 years of its independence. The peculiarity that marks the country is undoubtedly its geographical position in the context of four major European regions - the Alps, the dinárica, the Pannonian and the Adriatic Sea. The country has 2 million inhabitants, being known for the wealth of their forests and exuberance of the fauna, of which stands out the 
horse of the race LIPIZZANER, established in Lipica, a small town on the coast, near the border with Italy. Since 2004, Slovenia is a member of the European Union and NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organization, highlighted by landmarks of their presence in 2007 in the Euro area, and in 2008 as President of the Council of the European Union. What makes this horse so special is the fact that it is born black and later, between five and seven years, becomes almost completely white. In addition, it has a special aptitude for classic dressage and to load railcars. The beauty and elegance of these horses have become famous around the world. The admirers of the LIPIZZANER breed are delighted by soft and elegant movements, only performed by horses with the maximum possible training. The ancestors of the LIPIZZANER breed have their origins in Lipica Stud farm, founded in May of the year 1580. The 19th of May 1580 is considered the beginning of the creation of the breed when Archduke of Habsburg, Carlos II, son of Caesar Ferdinando I of Habsburg, acquired the land of Lipica from the Bishop of Trieste. Afterwards he began to cross the horses of Lipica with noble breeds from Spain, Italy and the Arab countries. The emergence of this breed has a strong link with the development of horse riding, based on classical dressage. The Lipica Stud farm raised horses for the famous Spanish riding school of Vienna and the Viennese Court, until the beginning of the first world war in 1914. 

For centuries, various types of stallions were raised, of which only six classic types are preserved: Majestic, Neapolitano, Conversano, Favory and Pluto in Siglavy. In the same period 17 generations of mares have been preserved. The names Lipicanec and Lipica Stud farm are associated with the story of a Linden tree, (Slovene Large-leaf), which represents one of the national symbols of Slovenia. In the fourteenth century, where the Lipica Stud farm currently is situated, there was a winery with the name Pri lipici (next to the Linden), which is the origin of the name of the city and later of the horse breed. The stamps issued by the Brazilian Post highlights the breeds MANGALARGA MARCHADOR and LIPIZZANER, consecrated by nobility, and representing the pride of Brazil and Slovenia, united in the Diplomatic Relations Series.

author: Alain Brian BergantAmbassador of the Republic of Slovenia in Brazil


Stamp images thanks to Correios

Brazil Post