Monday, December 12, 2016

Brazil 2016 - Fruits of Cerrado

ISSUE DATE: 11 September 2016
CIRCULATION:Minisheet with 9 stamps: 450 000 (self-adhesive)
Sheet with 18 stamps: 450 000 
STAMP SIZE:Minisheet with 9 stamps: 35 x 35 mm
Sheet with 18 stamps: 38 x 38 mm
STAMP DESIGN: Fabiano Bastos

Gabiroba, gabiroba-do-campo: Campomanesia adamantium(Cambess.) Berg, Myrtaceae Family: Bush with a height of 30 cm to 2 m, the gabirobeira occurs in the Cerradão, Cerrado Restricted Sense, Campo Sujo and the edge of the Riparian Forest. The flowers are pollinated by bees; the mature fruit reaches 2 cm in diameter and has a yellowish-green color, yellow fleshy pulp, is gelatinous, aromatic and tasty; it feeds wild canids, birds among others.

Hancornia Speciosa: Hancornia speciosa Gomes, Apocynaceae Family: A tree up to 7 m tall, the mangabeira occurs in the Cerradão, Cerrado Restricted Sense and Campo Sujo. The flowers are pollinated by moths, butterflies and bees; the mature fruit reaches 5 cm in diameter and has thin skin, yellow or green, with or without pink pigmentation, and cream-colored pulp, is fleshy, slimy, succulent and tasty; it feeds wild canids, tapirs, monkeys,
birds, insects among others.

Maracujá silvestre, passion fruit-of-sleep: Passiflora setacea CV. - BRS Pearl of the Cerrado, Passifloraceae Family: Rustic vine, this wild passion fruit occurs in Gallery forest, Dry Forest, Cerradão, Cerrado Rupestre, Campo Sujo and Campo Limpo. The flowers are pollinated by bats and moths; the mature fruit reaches 7 cm long and has a yellowish-green peel, yellow or cream-colored pulp, is tasty, juicy and slightly acidic; it feeds bats, monkeys among others. It’s a functional food and a new product with technology for cultivation on a commercial scale for the productive chain of the passion fruit.

Marmalade-to-calf, guava, quince-do-cerrado: Alibertia edulis (Rich.) A. Rich. ex DC., Rubiaceae Family: A tree up to 8 m tall, the guava tree occurs in the Black Forest, Gallery Forest, Cerradão, Cerrado Restricted Sense and Vereda. The flowers are pollinated by insects; the mature fruit reaches 6 cm and has a brown peel, gray, almost black pulp, is sweet and tasty; it feeds monkeys, birds among others.

Murici, murici-de-tabuleiro, ear-of-deer: Byrsonima verbascifolia (L.) DC., Malpighiaceae Family: Tree up to 5 m tall, the muricizeiro occurs in the Gallery Forest, Cerradão, Cerrado Restricted Sense, Campo Rupestre e Campo Sujo. The flowers are pollinated by bees; the mature fruit reaches 2 cm and has whitish pulp, is fleshy, sweet and sour; it feeds wild canids, tapirs, birds, bats, among others.

Pequi, piqui-do-cerrado, almond-of-thorn: Caryocar brasiliense Cambess., Caryocaraceae Family: Tree up to 12 m tall, the pequizeiro occurs in the Cerradão and Cerrado Restricted sense. The flowers are pollinated by bats; the nectar of flowers feeds birds, bats and ants; the flowers feed rodents, deer and armadillos; the mature fruit reaches 8 cm in diameter and has a green peel, yellow aromatic fleshy pulp, it has a stone with thorns and the nut is rich in oil. The fruits are eaten by emus, seriemas, parrots, crows, rodents, deer, opossums, cattle among others.

Pera-do-cerrado, calabash-do-campo: Eugenia klotzschiana Berg, Myrtaceae Family: Bush up to 1 m tall, the pereira-do-cerrado occurs in the Cerrado Restricted sense, Campo Sujo and Campo Limpo. The flowers are pollinated by insects; the low-hanging fruit varies from 6 cm to 10 cm and has a thin and yellowish shell, whitish fleshy pulp,is soft and watery; the flavor can range from sweet to sour, according to the region. It’s a plant mentioned in the work Grande Sertão Veredas of Guimarães Rosa, when the author has a “lemonade of calabash-of-field”.

Pixirica, cinnamon-of-the-old, quaresma-white: Miconia albicans (Sw.) Triana, Melastomataceae Family: With up to 2.5 m, this shrub occurs in the Gallery Forest, Cerradão, Cerrado Restricted Sense, Vereda and Campo Sujo. The flowers are pollinated primarily by bees and butterflies; produces large amount of multicolored fruit; when ripe, the fruit is 1 cm in diameter and has emerald-green peel, bright green pulp, is sweet and tasty and has many small seeds; it feeds birds, wild canids, coatis, monkeys, bats, rodents, cuícas, tapirs, ants among others.

author: Araci Molnar AlonsoA researcher at the Embrapa Cerrados- Natural Resources Area Medicinal plants, Aromatics, Culinary plants and Ornamentals


Stamp images and description thanks to Correios

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